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Dental Health During Pregnancy

Medicine Editorial Team

Taking care of oral health during pregnancy is important because hormonal changes can affect the teeth and gums and lead to certain health issues.

What is the Impact of Pregnancy on Dental Health?

Due to increased frequency of eating during pregnancy, it requires a bit more effort to maintain oral hygiene as before. The habit of brushing teeth should be increased to at least 3 times a day during pregnancy, compared to the minimum of 2 times a day. The effect of saliva, which helps with oral cleaning, is reduced due to changes in saliva production. Many pregnant women also experience changes in their eating habits, which is another reason why we need to pay more attention to oral hygiene.
We often come across gum swelling due to hormonal changes. This gum swelling, known as “pregnancy gingivitis,” is controlled by a dentist and can be treated if necessary. In the later stages of pregnancy, due to disrupted sleep quality, teeth grinding, jaw pain, and joint pain may also occur. Teeth grinding can cause tension and pain in the ear, neck, and shoulder areas.

How are Pregnant Women with Toothaches Treated?

To prevent the pregnant woman from getting tired and to avoid exposing the baby to medications and potentially necessary X-rays, during this period, we prefer to only provide emergency treatment and postpone other non-urgent treatments until after childbirth. In complicated pregnancies (e.g., risk of miscarriage, risk of preterm birth, allergy condition, bleeding issues, etc.), we can treat the pregnant woman with the approval of an obstetrician.

Are Root Canal Treatments Performed on Pregnant Women?

Thanks to advancements in technology, with the use of rotary instruments and apex locators, root canal treatments can be performed on pregnant women. However, X-rays are not taken during root canal treatments for pregnant women.

What Recommendations Do You Have for Expectant Mothers? What Precautions Should Be Taken Regarding Teeth Before Pregnancy?

• Pre-pregnancy oral examinations should be conducted, and any necessary treatments should be completed before pregnancy.
• Attention should be paid to dietary habits and oral hygiene.
• Although treatment can be performed during any stage of pregnancy, the most ideal period for both the mother and the baby is the second trimester (months 4, 5, and 6).

*The content of our page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

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